Valves situate between cardiac chambers or between cardiac chambers and main veins and they regulate blood flow according to heart’s pumping characteristic. There are 4 valves in the heart. Aortic and mitral valves are on the left side and they pump oxygenic arterial blood to the body and tricuspid and pulmonary valves are on the right side of the heart and they pump venous blood to lungs.
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Aorta is the biggest vein in human body. It transfers arterial blood from the heart to all organs which makes it “main blood line”. Considering height and weight of the person, it carries 3 to 6-7 lt. of blood in a minute. There is a certain pressure (80 - 140 mmHg) while transferring the blood depending on heart’s beat rate and structure. We call it tension. Aorta may enlarge silently in the body due to various reasons. It should be diagnosed early.
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Prof. Tayfun Aybek, MD -head of the Cardiovascular Surgery Department at TOBB ETU University – conducted the project of Remote Patient Monitoring Systems and the same University supported the Research and Development studies of this project. Remote Patient Monitoring Systems enable patients to follow their vital parameters (tension, EKG, saturation, hemoglobin, arterial blood gases etc.) after a Cardiac Surgery or Heart Attack. Patients may communicate their doctors instantly through the system.
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