BRONCHOSCOPY - Pulmonary Diseases
Bronchoscopy is the examination of large airways in the lungs for diagnostic and treatment purposes using a bronchoscope which is a flexible tube with a width of a pencil including a camera. This procedure is done by a chest diseases specialist.
WHY IS BRONCHOSCOPY DONE?
Blood in sputum, persistent cough which does not respond to treatment and abnormal lung films are among the most frequent reasons.
During bronchoscopy the biopsy samples or lavage fluids may be obtained and those materials are dispatched to the laboratory for analysis to establish a diagnosis.
As well as adults, children may also need bronchoscopy especially when there is suspicion of a foreign body in the airways (nuts, pins, etc.). In these conditions such foreign bodies are removed by inserting a special device through the bronchoscope.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR BRONCHOSCOPY PROCEDURE?
Before the procedure you need to inform your doctor on all the medication you are on. Drugs such as Aspirin or Coumadin may be stopped in accordance with doctor’s recommendations before the procedure to avoid bleeding.
Things to do while preparing for bronchoscopy before the procedure:
- Please fast, including not drinking water, after 24:00 hrs on the night before bronchoscopy. Your stomach needs to be empty in order to avoid vomiting during the procedure.
- If there is a medication you are required to take (such as blood pressure, heart medication) please inform your doctor thereon.
- Assuredly bring along a relative who can handle hospital proceedings and take you back home after bronchoscopy with you to the hospital.
HOW IS BRONCHOSCOPY DONE?
In our clinic fiber optic (flexible) bronchoscopy is performed under general anesthesia in surgery room conditions together with experienced anesthesia specialists and the patient does not feel any discomfort regarding the procedure. By using a relatively mild anesthesia, bronchoscopy is done through a tube inserted into the mouth. Our patients can be discharged home on the same day after a short observation period.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER BRONCHOSCOPY?
There is usually no discomfort after bronchoscopy related to the procedure. When the results of the examination of the obtained samples (mucosa biopsy, lavage fluid etc. ) are available, you meet with your doctor for further discussion of your condition. When performed by an experienced team, bronchoscopy is a safe diagnostic and treatment method with a very little rate of complications. More detailed information regarding the procedure will be given to you by your doctor face-to-face and all of your questions will be addressed.