PREVENTION AND EARLY DIAGNOSIS METHODS OF BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer is the most common cancer for female subjects. According to available data, one of every eight women suffer from breast cancer at a period in their life.
Is the frequency of breast cancer related with age?
Although incidence of the breast cancer increases with advancing age, it may also develop in the young population.
Is the breast cancer a life threatening disease?
Mortality rate of this type of cancer started to decrease thanks to the techniques and modalities, which are offered by the current medicine and early diagnosis of the breast cancer.
Is the early diagnosis important?
İt is achieved that breast cancer is no more a fatal disease secondary to the early diagnosis and early treatment.
What are factors that increase the risk of breast cancer?
According to available data, factors increasing risk of the breast cancer are as follows;
• Long-term hormone therapy and use of contraceptive pills.
• First menstrual period occurring at earlier age (below 12 years of age),
• Late menopausal age (above 50 years of age),
• Exposure to radiation,
• Familial history of breast cancer (first degree relatives such as mother and sisters),
• Inadequate physical activity, overweight-obese subjects
• Nulliparity (personal history of no child birth)
• History of no breastfeeding,
• Presence of BRCA gene,
• Smoking (there are recent articles which demonstrate a relationship between nicotine receptors and breast cancer).
What should we do to avoid breast cancer?
Self-examination of breast in monthly intervals,
Regular sport activities in order to avoid excess weight (not less than half an hour for three days of a week),
Maintaining healthy body weight by consuming foods which are poor in animal fat,
Fats comprising less than 20 % of daily calorie intake and diet rich in fruits and vegetables are known as factors preventing risk of breast cancer and also recurrence in patients with breast cancer.
Are there any foods directly related with breast cancer?
Eating convenience foods which are cooked with waste oil; consuming overcooked and smoked foods and salty canned foods,
Eating fried foods and grilled foods cooked over high heat (low-temperature oven and boiling methods should be preferred instead of such types of cooking methods),
Consuming sweets, using synthetic sweeteners such as nutra sweet, equal and spoonful (it is recommended to use natural honey as sweetener instead of synthetic ones) Use of table salts which may contain bleaching chemicals (sea salt is recommended instead of such salts), consuming foods which include protective additives containing nitrite and nitrate, coloring agents and synthetic anti- oxidants,
Diets based on red meat (plenty of fish and low amount of chicken meat should be preferred instead of red meat),
Use of plastic containers in micro-wave ovens, use of plastic bottles for storing foods in freezer (such use of plastic material leads to generation of dioxin substance and dioxin chemicals result with cancer and particularly breast cancer),
Avoiding high-caffeine beverages (green tea should be preferred among group of teas),
Consumption of tap water which may contain toxins and heavy metals (treated or filtered water should be preferred instead of such water) increases risk of breast cancer.
Are there foods fighting against breast cancer?
The color fresh vegetables and fruits which are known as rich in Vitamin A and C (i.e., carrot, broccoli, radish, apricot and citrus fruits) should be consumed as 3-4 portions per day and 2-3 portions of vegetables per day (the diet should be arranged so as to involve fresh fruit and vegetables, whole-wheat, seeds and some fruits at rate of 80 % and remaining 20 % should be comprised of edible legumes 3 times a week).
Consuming milky foods containing Vitamin D (particularly, it is known that they reduce risk of breast cancer in female subjects),
Regular consumption of foods containing Vitamin E such as walnut and hazelnut, and dairy products containing probiotics,
Preferring olive oil which is known as healthy (should consumption of excess amounts is avoided), known
Involving foods known as sulphuric compounds in the nutrition regime (such as garlic and onion),
Nutrition regimes containing largely fish products which contain Omega-3 fatty acids,
Diet rich in fiber foods which enable consuming 25-30 g of fiber per day, preferring whole-wheat breads (whole wheat flour and rye) and preferring whole-wheat instead of carbohydrates (i.e., pastry and rice) may enable protection against breast cancer.
There are studies indicating that consumption of non-sweetened soy milk instead of milk by patients with previous breast cancer prevents the recurrence.
Some supplements (IP6, EFAs, flor-essence, essiac, anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals etc.) provide support to the body by eliminating cancerous cells by reinforcing the immunity system; there are also studies indicating protective properties of such substances in the breast cancer.
What should be done for early diagnosis?
Women aged above 20 years of age should learn monthly self-examination of breasts in order to early recognize the breast cancer. When mass is palpated or ductal discharge, areolar retraction, hyperemia of breast skin or persistent wound and visible changes are found, the easiest and cheapest diagnosis method is to apply to a physician and make breasts examined.
Mammographic examination is the most commonly recognized screening method of breast cancer at or above age of 40 years, while annual mammographic evaluation is recommended when the subject with diagnoses breast cancer is at age of 32 years (some articles recommend age of 35 years). Breast ultrasonography should be the annual radiological examination for suspected cases if the patient is younger than forty years.
Female subjects with familial history of breast cancer should self-examine breasts in monthly intervals as of age of 20 years, should apply to the physician if any changes are recognized in the examination and mammographic evaluation should be made when and after the patient is 35 years old.
Female subjects without familial history of breast cancer should self-examine breasts and they should have mammographic evaluation annually when and after the patient is 40 years old.
Researches on the relationship between breast cancer and the diet are ongoing, while maintenance of healthy body weight, fats comprising less than 20 % of daily calorie intake and diet rich in fruits and vegetables are known as factors preventing risk of breast cancer and also recurrence in patients with breast cancer.
Cancer is a physical and psychological disease. Cancer cells may not develop in oxygenated environment. Oxygen therapy associated with daily regular exercises and deep breathing techniques is another method for eliminating cancer cells.
Visionary and positive spiritual status successfully fights against cancer, while nervous temperament, inability to forgive and pain leads to stressful and acidic environments resulting to the loss of the fight against the cancer.