SEA, SUN AND OUR CHILDRENUzm. Dr. Meltem Güneş Aslan Created: 2016-03-24 07:58:07
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SEA, SUN AND OUR CHILDREN

For our children, playing in the sand and swimming in the sea are indispensable enjoys in the summer. However, we can protect our children against several health hazards by taking some measures and thus, we can avoid interruption of enjoyable holiday pleasure.


SEA, SUN AND OUR CHILDREN

How should we protect from the sun?

Harmful sun rays may lead to skin burn in the early period and premature skin aging, the development of skin cancer and cataracts in the long term The following points should be noted in order to avoid the harmful effects of the sun:

  • Avoid going out between 10:00 to 16:00, since sun rays are most intense at this interval. Try to stay in the shade as much as possible. Do not forget that sunburn can occur due to sun rays reflecting from the sand and the sea, even if you are in the shade.
  • Wear good-cut, fine-textured, long-sleeved shirts and pants. Use hats with appropriate width that cover sides of your neck. Wear sunglasses which can block % 99-100 of ultraviolet rays.
  • Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen which is effective against UV-A and UV-B rays. Choose products that contain minimum 30 sun protection factors. Light-skinned ones may opt for products with more protection factors. Apply sunscreen 20-30 minutes before sun and repeat every 2-3 hours. Refresh your cream after you sweat, swim, take bath or you dry. Sunscreens can spoil over time; storage of products at high temperature can accelerate this process. Do not use your cream after the specified expiration date. Do not use sunscreen more than 3 years if there is no expiry date printed on the product.
  • Safety of sunscreens has not been tested in children younger than 6 months. Therefore, babies younger than 6 months should not be exposed to sun as far as it is possible and sun-protective clothes should be worn. Sun creams can be applied only at small amounts and on small body areas (such as the dorsum of the hand and cheeks).
  • Do not allow your child swim alone in the sea.
  • Prefer the beaches with lifeguard.
  • Young children must not swim in areas deeper than the length of the arm and must be under close supervision.
  • Your child must dive only under your supervision. You must check depth of the sea and whether there is any foreign material that can cause injury in the water.
  • Do not let your child to swim in high flow-rate areas such as streams and water channels.
  • Children (age range; 1-4 years) can have swimming lessons. However, learning how to swim should not be deemed as a means of a measure to prevent drowning at any age range.
  • Equipment such as armbands and life buoys are not life vest. They can create a false sense of safety. Caution should be exercised in using these tools.

What can we do in case of sunburn?

Sunburn is a conditions characterized with pain and erythema after prolonged exposure to the sun without any protection. It develops in 3-5 hours after exposure to the sun, exacerbates within 12-24 hours, and disappears in 72 hours. Sunlight should be avoided until complaints disappear. Cold compress, moisturizing lotion or aloe can be applied to the area to relieve the region in mild sunburns. Paracetamol or ibuprofen syrups can be used to relieve pain. It would be useful to see the doctor when signs of severe burn, such as blisters, appear.

How can we ensure safety in the sea?

  • Do not allow your child swim alone in the sea.
  • Prefer the beaches with lifeguard.
  • Young children must not swim in areas deeper than the length of the arm and must be under close supervision.
  • Your child must dive only under your supervision. You must check depth of the sea and whether there is any foreign material that can cause injury in the water.
  • Do not let your child to swim in high flow-rate areas such as streams and water channels.
  • Children (age range; 1-4 years) can have swimming lessons. However, learning how to swim should not be deemed as a means of a measure to prevent drowning at any age range.
  • Equipment such as armbands and life buoys are not life vest. They can create a false sense of safety. Caution should be exercised in using these tools.

This post has been written by Uzm. Dr. Meltem Güneş Aslan and viewed 12387 times.


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