RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery) Urinary system stone disease is a quite common health problem that affects 2-3% of people and causes serious problems if not treated. It occurs more frequently in hot and arid climate zones, is associated with genetic factors and nutrition; our country is one of the countries where the incidence of stone is relatively high.
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While prostate diseases, which are the most common disease group in men in the world, are seen as prostate infections in younger ages; it appears as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer (PCa) more after the age of 50.
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The word prostate comes from the word "prostates", which is derived from a Greek word. Its meaning is standing in front, guard and protector. The size of a normal prostate in a healthy male is as a large walnut. The weight of the prostate is between 10 and 20 grams. It is located at the base of the urinary bladder and it also surrounds the urinary tract.
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In the last decade of the 20th century, the human population will increase by 1 billion, but in the next 25 years it will approach 2 billion. A person born in 1920 shared this world with 1.5 billion people and now shares it with 6 billion people. In our lives, a rapidly aging population (> 65 years old) and very old (> 85) populations are formed. As the elderly population triples, a 20-35% decline in the number of children is foreseen.
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Overactive bladder is the unpreventable and involuntary contraction of the urinary bladder. Since subjects with this conditions regards it as a normal age-dependent disorder or as an irreversible condition, they do not need to seek medical support or therapy. However, this is a treatable condition.
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Sperm (male germ cell) is produced in testicles. Vas deferens (the seminal tract) transports sperms from testicle to penis. Vasectomy is a small procedure in which vas deferens is excised. After this operation, no change occurs in the appearance of the fluid discharged during intercourse; however, pregnancy does not occur because there is no sperm cell in the fluid.
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What is the infertility? Infertility is defined as pregnancy not occurring in a year despite regular sexual intercourse of couples without contraception.
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It is the uncontrolled proliferation of cells that form the bladder. If the proliferation is limited to the superficial layer of the bladder, then it is called superficial bladder cancer. If the proliferation is deeper and penetrates into the muscle layer, it will be called as deep (invasive) bladder cancer.
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It is a walnut-sized gland found only in men. It is located at the base of urinary bladder and also completely surrounds urinary tract. Prostate continues to grow from the birth to age of 20 years and it reaches to its mature size at this age and does not grow anymore. It remains in this size until age of 45 years and it starts to grow again. Duty of prostate is to contribute to the production of the fluids in ejaculate (semen) which is responsible fortransportation of sperms (menis germ cell).
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Urinary tract stones are the crystallization and accumulation of minerals or substances that cannot dissolve in urine and be discharged over time. Normally, there are some protective chemical substances in the urine which prevent crystallization. However, this preventative mechanism may not operate fully in some people.
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It is a walnut-sized gland found only in men. It is located at the base of urinary bladder and also completely surrounds urinary tract. Prostate continues to grow from the birth to age of 20 years and it reaches to its mature size at this age and does not grow anymore. It remains in this size until age of 45 years and it starts to grow again. Duty of prostate is to contribute to the production of the fluids in ejaculate (semen) which is responsible for transportation of sperms (menis germ cell).
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Erectile dysfunction is the inability to commence and/or maintain an erection required for sexual intercourse. Since individuals with this disorder often think of it as a normal condition resulting from age or an irrecoverable condition they do not feel the need to get medical support and help. In fact, this is a treatable disorder. Erectile dysfunction is a very common condition. Two out of three males over 40 at least at some point experience problems developing or maintaining an erection.
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