Plasma cholesterol plays a significant role in the development of atherosclerosis. High blood cholesterol level increases the risk of cardiovascular risk. Higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) level and elevation of triglyceride level will be associated with increased risk.
Characterized with increased blood glucose level, diabetes is a condition which triggers cardiac and vascular diseases in long term. Mortality and hospitalization are usually secondary to cardiovascular causes in patients with diabetes.