Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in childhood. It is the second most common infection following the upper respiratory tract infections. The term UTI means invasion of any part of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, and bladder) by microorganisms, especially bacteria.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood, and its prevalence is gradually increasing in recent years. Type 1 Diabetes is the most common form of the disease in children, and it occurs due to the deficiency of insulin secretion in pancreas. Although the real cause is unknown, genetic and environmental factors have a great role in development of the disease.